Cholesterol and its consequences

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Cholesterol and its consequences


Cholesterol circulates in the blood in the form of small spherical particles called lipoproteins, the number and size of which differ for each individual. Knowing how many small LDL lipoprotein particles you have helps quantify your CARDIOVASCULAR RISK better than using the total cholesterol or LDL value. Controlling the number of particles can make your treatments more effective.

People with the same cholesterol levels but a different lipoprotein pattern will have a different chance of developing CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE.


Cholesterol is a very important compound for the body: it is essential to a correct cell structure, vitamin D production, the secretion of certain hormones and proper fat digestion, among other things.

Excess cholesterol in the blood, particularly too much of the LDL type (commonly known as 'bad' cholesterol) and not enough of the HDL type ('good' cholesterol), has until now been associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the manifestation of a problem with blood circulation and can affect any organ in the body: heart, brain, kidneys, limb arteries, etc. It can cause a heart attack, angina, stroke, peripheral thrombosis and aortic aneurysms, among other conditions. It is the leading cause of death in Spain and worldwide.

Small LDL particles

Basic LDL and HDL measurements may NOT be enough to properly assess abnormal cholesterol levels (dyslipidaemia) and thus determine the risk of cardiovascular disease that this represents.

Apart from our LDL or HDL values, it is important to quantify the number of small LDL lipoprotein particles in the bloodstream. The number and size of these particles varies in each individual according to their genetics, habits and underlying diseases.

Size and number of my particles

Numerous studies show that a high number of small LDL particles is associated with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

Find out the size and number of your LDL particles and assess your cardiovascular risk properly.